Bootstrap5 列表组(List group)

半兽人 发表于: 2020-07-06   最后更新时间: 2021-11-01 23:13:19  
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列表组是一个灵活而强大的组件,用于显示一系列的内容。修改和扩展可以支持任何内容。

简单示例

最简单的列表组是一个带有列表项和适当类的无序列表。在它的基础上,使用下面的选项,或者根据需要使用你自己的CSS。

<ul class="list-group">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A fourth item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">And a fifth one</li>
</ul>

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活跃项

.list-group-item中添加.active来表示当前的选择。

<ul class="list-group">
  <li class="list-group-item active" aria-current="true">An active item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A fourth item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">And a fifth one</li>
</ul>

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禁用选项

.disabled添加到.list-group-item使其变为禁用状态。请注意,某些带有.disabled的元素还需要自定义JavaScript才能完全禁用其click事件(例如,链接)。

<ul class="list-group">
  <li class="list-group-item disabled" aria-disabled="true">A disabled item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A fourth item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">And a fifth one</li>
</ul>

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连接和按钮(Links和buttons)

使用<a><button>通过添加.list-group-item-action来创建具有悬停、禁用和活动状态的可操作列表组项目。我们将这些伪类分开,以确保由非交互式元素(如<li><div>)组成的列表组不提供点击或点击的能力。

一定不要使用.btn

<div class="list-group">
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action active" aria-current="true">
    The current link item
  </a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">A second link item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">A third link item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">A fourth link item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action disabled" tabindex="-1" aria-disabled="true">A disabled link item</a>
</div>

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使用<button>,还可以使用disable,而不是.disabled类。令人遗憾的是,<a>不支持disabled属性。

<div class="list-group">
  <button type="button" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action active" aria-current="true">
    The current button
  </button>
  <button type="button" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">A second item</button>
  <button type="button" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">A third button item</button>
  <button type="button" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">A fourth button item</button>
  <button type="button" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action" disabled>A disabled button item</button>
</div>

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Flush

添加.list-group-flush以删除一些边框和圆角,以在父容器(例如卡片)中以边到边的方式呈现列表组项目。

<ul class="list-group list-group-flush">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A fourth item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">And a fifth one</li>
</ul>

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编号(Numbered)

添加.list-group-numbered修饰类(可选择使用<ol>元素),选择进入编号的列表组项目。数字是通过CSS生成的(相对于<ol>的默认浏览器样式),以便更好地放置在列表组项目中,并允许更好的自定义。

数字由<ol>上的counter-reset生成,然后用a ::before伪元素在<li>上设置counter-incrementcontent的样式和位置。

<ol class="list-group list-group-numbered">
  <li class="list-group-item">Cras justo odio</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">Cras justo odio</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">Cras justo odio</li>
</ol>

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这些也适用于自定义内容。

<ol class="list-group list-group-numbered">
  <li class="list-group-item d-flex justify-content-between align-items-start">
    <div class="ms-2 me-auto">
      <div class="fw-bold">Subheading</div>
      Cras justo odio
    </div>
    <span class="badge bg-primary rounded-pill">14</span>
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item d-flex justify-content-between align-items-start">
    <div class="ms-2 me-auto">
      <div class="fw-bold">Subheading</div>
      Cras justo odio
    </div>
    <span class="badge bg-primary rounded-pill">14</span>
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item d-flex justify-content-between align-items-start">
    <div class="ms-2 me-auto">
      <div class="fw-bold">Subheading</div>
      Cras justo odio
    </div>
    <span class="badge bg-primary rounded-pill">14</span>
  </li>
</ol>

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水平

添加.list-group-horizontal可以将所有的列表组的布局从垂直变为水平。或者,选择响应式变量.list-group-horizontal-{sm|md|lg|xl|xxl},让列表组从min-width开始水平排列。目前水平列表组不能与flush列表组结合。

专业提示: 想在水平方向上使用等宽的列表组项目?那就在每个列表组项目中添加.flex-fill

<ul class="list-group list-group-horizontal">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
</ul>
<ul class="list-group list-group-horizontal-sm">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
</ul>
<ul class="list-group list-group-horizontal-md">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
</ul>
<ul class="list-group list-group-horizontal-lg">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
</ul>
<ul class="list-group list-group-horizontal-xl">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
</ul>
<ul class="list-group list-group-horizontal-xxl">
  <li class="list-group-item">An item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A second item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item">A third item</li>
</ul>

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上下文类

使用上下文类为列表项设置有状态的背景和颜色。

<ul class="list-group">
  <li class="list-group-item">A simple default list group item</li>

  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-primary">A simple primary list group item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-secondary">A simple secondary list group item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-success">A simple success list group item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-danger">A simple danger list group item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-warning">A simple warning list group item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-info">A simple info list group item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-light">A simple light list group item</li>
  <li class="list-group-item list-group-item-dark">A simple dark list group item</li>
</ul>

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上下文类也可以使用.list-group-item-action。注意这里增加了前面例子中没有的悬停样式。同样支持.active状态;它来表示上下文列表组项上的活跃选择。

<div class="list-group">
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">A simple default list group item</a>

  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-primary">A simple primary list group item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-secondary">A simple secondary list group item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-success">A simple success list group item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-danger">A simple danger list group item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-warning">A simple warning list group item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-info">A simple info list group item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-light">A simple light list group item</a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action list-group-item-dark">A simple dark list group item</a>
</div>

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使用徽章

将徽章添加到任何列表组项目中,以显示未读计数、活动等。

<ul class="list-group">
  <li class="list-group-item d-flex justify-content-between align-items-center">
    A list item
    <span class="badge bg-primary rounded-pill">14</span>
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item d-flex justify-content-between align-items-center">
    A second list item
    <span class="badge bg-primary rounded-pill">2</span>
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item d-flex justify-content-between align-items-center">
    A third list item
    <span class="badge bg-primary rounded-pill">1</span>
  </li>
</ul>

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自定义内容

借助flexbox实用程序,可以为下面的链接列表组添加任何HTML内容。

<div class="list-group">
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action active" aria-current="true">
    <div class="d-flex w-100 justify-content-between">
      <h5 class="mb-1">List group item heading</h5>
      <small>3 days ago</small>
    </div>
    <p class="mb-1">Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Maecenas sed diam eget risus varius blandit.</p>
    <small>Donec id elit non mi porta.</small>
  </a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">
    <div class="d-flex w-100 justify-content-between">
      <h5 class="mb-1">List group item heading</h5>
      <small class="text-muted">3 days ago</small>
    </div>
    <p class="mb-1">Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Maecenas sed diam eget risus varius blandit.</p>
    <small class="text-muted">Donec id elit non mi porta.</small>
  </a>
  <a href="#" class="list-group-item list-group-item-action">
    <div class="d-flex w-100 justify-content-between">
      <h5 class="mb-1">List group item heading</h5>
      <small class="text-muted">3 days ago</small>
    </div>
    <p class="mb-1">Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Maecenas sed diam eget risus varius blandit.</p>
    <small class="text-muted">Donec id elit non mi porta.</small>
  </a>
</div>

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复选框和单选框(Checkboxes and radios)

将Bootstrap的复选框和单选框放在列表组项目中,并根据需要进行定制。你可以在没有<label>的情况下使用它们,但请记住包括一个aria-label属性和值。

<ul class="list-group">
  <li class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="" aria-label="...">
    First checkbox
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="" aria-label="...">
    Second checkbox
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="" aria-label="...">
    Third checkbox
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="" aria-label="...">
    Fourth checkbox
  </li>
  <li class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="" aria-label="...">
    Fifth checkbox
  </li>
</ul>

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如果希望将 <label>的点击作大区域的.list-group-item,您也可以这样做:

<div class="list-group">
  <label class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="">
    First checkbox
  </label>
  <label class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="">
    Second checkbox
  </label>
  <label class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="">
    Third checkbox
  </label>
  <label class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="">
    Fourth checkbox
  </label>
  <label class="list-group-item">
    <input class="form-check-input me-1" type="checkbox" value="">
    Fifth checkbox
  </label>
</div>

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JavaScript behavior

使用选项卡JavaScript插件 -- 单独包括它或通过编译的bootstrap.js文件来扩展我们的列表组。

<div class="row">
  <div class="col-4">
    <div class="list-group" id="list-tab" role="tablist">
      <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action active" id="list-home-list" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#list-home" role="tab" aria-controls="list-home">Home</a>
      <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action" id="list-profile-list" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#list-profile" role="tab" aria-controls="list-profile">Profile</a>
      <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action" id="list-messages-list" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#list-messages" role="tab" aria-controls="list-messages">Messages</a>
      <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action" id="list-settings-list" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#list-settings" role="tab" aria-controls="list-settings">Settings</a>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="col-8">
    <div class="tab-content" id="nav-tabContent">
      <div class="tab-pane fade show active" id="list-home" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="list-home-list">...</div>
      <div class="tab-pane fade" id="list-profile" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="list-profile-list">...</div>
      <div class="tab-pane fade" id="list-messages" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="list-messages-list">...</div>
      <div class="tab-pane fade" id="list-settings" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="list-settings-list">...</div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

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使用数据属性

可以通过简单地指定 data-bs-toggle="list" 或在一个元素上来激活列表组导航,而无需编写任何 JavaScript:

<div role="tabpanel">
  <!-- List group -->
  <div class="list-group" id="myList" role="tablist">
    <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action active" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#home" role="tab">Home</a>
    <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#profile" role="tab">Profile</a>
    <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#messages" role="tab">Messages</a>
    <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action" data-bs-toggle="list" href="#settings" role="tab">Settings</a>
  </div>

  <!-- Tab panes -->
  <div class="tab-content">
    <div class="tab-pane active" id="home" role="tabpanel">...</div>
    <div class="tab-pane" id="profile" role="tabpanel">...</div>
    <div class="tab-pane" id="messages" role="tabpanel">...</div>
    <div class="tab-pane" id="settings" role="tabpanel">...</div>
  </div>
</div>

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更新于 2021-11-01

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