Bootstrap5 浮动标签(Floating labels)

半兽人 发表于: 2023-06-12   最后更新时间: 2023-07-26 19:11:03  
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Create beautifully simple form labels that float over your input fields.

示例

<div class="form-floating mb-3">
  <input type="email" class="form-control" id="floatingInput" placeholder="name@example.com">
  <label for="floatingInput">Email address</label>
</div>
<div class="form-floating">
  <input type="password" class="form-control" id="floatingPassword" placeholder="Password">
  <label for="floatingPassword">Password</label>
</div>

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When there’s a value already defined, <label>s will automatically adjust to their floated position.

<form class="form-floating">
  <input type="email" class="form-control" id="floatingInputValue" placeholder="name@example.com" value="test@example.com">
  <label for="floatingInputValue">Input with value</label>
</form>

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Form validation styles also work as expected.

<form class="form-floating">
  <input type="email" class="form-control is-invalid" id="floatingInputInvalid" placeholder="name@example.com" value="test@example.com">
  <label for="floatingInputInvalid">Invalid input</label>
</form>

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Textareas

By default, <textarea>s with .form-control will be the same height as <input>s.

<div class="form-floating">
  <textarea class="form-control" placeholder="Leave a comment here" id="floatingTextarea"></textarea>
  <label for="floatingTextarea">Comments</label>
</div>

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To set a custom height on your <textarea>, do not use the rows attribute. Instead, set an explicit height (either inline or via custom CSS).

<div class="form-floating">
  <textarea class="form-control" placeholder="Leave a comment here" id="floatingTextarea2" style="height: 100px"></textarea>
  <label for="floatingTextarea2">Comments</label>
</div>

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Selects

Other than .form-control, floating labels are only available on .form-selects. They work in the same way, but unlike <input>s, they’ll always show the <label> in its floated state. Selects with size and multiple are not supported.

<div class="form-floating">
  <select class="form-select" id="floatingSelect" aria-label="Floating label select example">
    <option selected>Open this select menu</option>
    <option value="1">One</option>
    <option value="2">Two</option>
    <option value="3">Three</option>
  </select>
  <label for="floatingSelect">Works with selects</label>
</div>

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Disabled

Add the disabled boolean attribute on an input, a textarea or a select to give it a grayed out appearance, remove pointer events, and prevent focusing.

<div class="form-floating mb-3">
  <input type="email" class="form-control" id="floatingInputDisabled" placeholder="name@example.com" disabled>
  <label for="floatingInputDisabled">Email address</label>
</div>
<div class="form-floating mb-3">
  <textarea class="form-control" placeholder="Leave a comment here" id="floatingTextareaDisabled" disabled></textarea>
  <label for="floatingTextareaDisabled">Comments</label>
</div>
<div class="form-floating mb-3">
  <textarea class="form-control" placeholder="Leave a comment here" id="floatingTextarea2Disabled" style="height: 100px" disabled></textarea>
  <label for="floatingTextarea2Disabled">Comments</label>
</div>
<div class="form-floating">
  <select class="form-select" id="floatingSelectDisabled" aria-label="Floating label disabled select example" disabled>
    <option selected>Open this select menu</option>
    <option value="1">One</option>
    <option value="2">Two</option>
    <option value="3">Three</option>
  </select>
  <label for="floatingSelectDisabled">Works with selects</label>
</div>

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Readonly plaintext

Floating labels also support .form-control-plaintext, which can be helpful for toggling from an editable <input> to a plaintext value without affecting the page layout.

<div class="form-floating mb-3">
  <input type="email" readonly class="form-control-plaintext" id="floatingEmptyPlaintextInput" placeholder="name@example.com">
  <label for="floatingEmptyPlaintextInput">Empty input</label>
</div>
<div class="form-floating mb-3">
  <input type="email" readonly class="form-control-plaintext" id="floatingPlaintextInput" placeholder="name@example.com" value="name@example.com">
  <label for="floatingPlaintextInput">Input with value</label>
</div>

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Input groups

Floating labels also support .input-group.

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <span class="input-group-text">@</span>
  <div class="form-floating">
    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="floatingInputGroup1" placeholder="Username">
    <label for="floatingInputGroup1">Username</label>
  </div>
</div>

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When using .input-group and .form-floating along with form validation, the -feedback should be placed outside of the .form-floating, but inside of the .input-group. This means that the feedback will need to be shown using javascript.

<div class="input-group has-validation">
  <span class="input-group-text">@</span>
  <div class="form-floating is-invalid">
    <input type="text" class="form-control is-invalid" id="floatingInputGroup2" placeholder="Username" required>
    <label for="floatingInputGroup2">Username</label>
  </div>
  <div class="invalid-feedback">
    Please choose a username.
  </div>
</div>

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Layout

When working with the Bootstrap grid system, be sure to place form elements within column classes.

<div class="row g-2">
  <div class="col-md">
    <div class="form-floating">
      <input type="email" class="form-control" id="floatingInputGrid" placeholder="name@example.com" value="mdo@example.com">
      <label for="floatingInputGrid">Email address</label>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="col-md">
    <div class="form-floating">
      <select class="form-select" id="floatingSelectGrid">
        <option selected>Open this select menu</option>
        <option value="1">One</option>
        <option value="2">Two</option>
        <option value="3">Three</option>
      </select>
      <label for="floatingSelectGrid">Works with selects</label>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

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更新于 2023-07-26
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