Bootstrap5 轮播(Carousel)

半兽人 发表于: 2020-07-02   最后更新时间: 2020-07-03  

一个幻灯片组件,用于循环浏览元素(图片)或文本幻灯片,就像一个旋转木马。

例子

轮播不会自动规范幻灯片大小。因此,您可能需要使用额外的工具或自定义样式来适当地调整内容的大小。虽然轮播支持上一个/下一个控件和指示器,但并不是明确要求的。可以根据自己的需要进行添加和定制。

需要将.active类添加到其中一个幻灯片中,否则轮播将不可见。另外,请确保在.carousel上为可选控件设置一个唯一的id,特别是当你在一个页面上使用多个轮播时。控件和指示器元素必须有一个data-target属性(或链接的href),该属性与.carousel元素的id相匹配。

只有幻灯片

这里是一个只带幻灯片的轮播。请注意轮播图像上存在.d-block.w-100,以防止浏览器默认的图像对齐。

<div id="carouselExampleSlidesOnly" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
  <div class="carousel-inner">
    <div class="carousel-item active">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

在线运行

带控制的轮播

添加上一个下一个的控件:

<div id="carouselExampleControls" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
  <div class="carousel-inner">
    <div class="carousel-item active">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
  </div>
  <a class="carousel-control-prev" href="#carouselExampleControls" role="button" data-slide="prev">
    <span class="carousel-control-prev-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
  </a>
  <a class="carousel-control-next" href="#carouselExampleControls" role="button" data-slide="next">
    <span class="carousel-control-next-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Next</span>
  </a>
</div>

在线运行

有指示器的

同时,也可以在轮播上添加指示器。

<div id="carouselExampleIndicators" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
  <ol class="carousel-indicators">
    <li data-target="#carouselExampleIndicators" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
    <li data-target="#carouselExampleIndicators" data-slide-to="1"></li>
    <li data-target="#carouselExampleIndicators" data-slide-to="2"></li>
  </ol>
  <div class="carousel-inner">
    <div class="carousel-item active">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
  </div>
  <a class="carousel-control-prev" href="#carouselExampleIndicators" role="button" data-slide="prev">
    <span class="carousel-control-prev-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
  </a>
  <a class="carousel-control-next" href="#carouselExampleIndicators" role="button" data-slide="next">
    <span class="carousel-control-next-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Next</span>
  </a>
</div>

在线运行

With captions

Add captions to your slides easily with the .carousel-caption element within any .carousel-item. They can be easily hidden on smaller viewports, as shown below, with optional display utilities. We hide them initially with .d-none and bring them back on medium-sized devices with .d-md-block.

<div id="carouselExampleCaptions" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
  <ol class="carousel-indicators">
    <li data-target="#carouselExampleCaptions" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
    <li data-target="#carouselExampleCaptions" data-slide-to="1"></li>
    <li data-target="#carouselExampleCaptions" data-slide-to="2"></li>
  </ol>
  <div class="carousel-inner">
    <div class="carousel-item active">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
      <div class="carousel-caption d-none d-md-block">
        <h5>First slide label</h5>
        <p>Nulla vitae elit libero, a pharetra augue mollis interdum.</p>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
      <div class="carousel-caption d-none d-md-block">
        <h5>Second slide label</h5>
        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
      <div class="carousel-caption d-none d-md-block">
        <h5>Third slide label</h5>
        <p>Praesent commodo cursus magna, vel scelerisque nisl consectetur.</p>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <a class="carousel-control-prev" href="#carouselExampleCaptions" role="button" data-slide="prev">
    <span class="carousel-control-prev-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
  </a>
  <a class="carousel-control-next" href="#carouselExampleCaptions" role="button" data-slide="next">
    <span class="carousel-control-next-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Next</span>
  </a>
</div>

在线运行

Crossfade

Add .carousel-fade to your carousel to animate slides with a fade transition instead of a slide.

<div id="carouselExampleFade" class="carousel slide carousel-fade" data-ride="carousel">
  <div class="carousel-inner">
    <div class="carousel-item active">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
  </div>
  <a class="carousel-control-prev" href="#carouselExampleFade" role="button" data-slide="prev">
    <span class="carousel-control-prev-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
  </a>
  <a class="carousel-control-next" href="#carouselExampleFade" role="button" data-slide="next">
    <span class="carousel-control-next-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Next</span>
  </a>
</div>

在线运行

Individual .carousel-item interval

Add data-interval="" to a .carousel-item to change the amount of time to delay between automatically cycling to the next item.

<div id="carouselExampleInterval" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
  <div class="carousel-inner">
    <div class="carousel-item active" data-interval="10000">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item" data-interval="2000">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
    <div class="carousel-item">
      <img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
    </div>
  </div>
  <a class="carousel-control-prev" href="#carouselExampleInterval" role="button" data-slide="prev">
    <span class="carousel-control-prev-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
  </a>
  <a class="carousel-control-next" href="#carouselExampleInterval" role="button" data-slide="next">
    <span class="carousel-control-next-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
    <span class="sr-only">Next</span>
  </a>
</div>

在线运行

Usage

Via data attributes

Use data attributes to easily control the position of the carousel. data-slide accepts the keywords prev or next, which alters the slide position relative to its current position. Alternatively, use data-slide-to to pass a raw slide index to the carousel data-slide-to="2", which shifts the slide position to a particular index beginning with 0.

The data-ride="carousel" attribute is used to mark a carousel as animating starting at page load. If you don’t use data-ride="carousel" to initialize your carousel, you have to initialize it yourself. It cannot be used in combination with (redundant and unnecessary) explicit JavaScript initialization of the same carousel.

Via JavaScript
Call carousel manually with:

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-interval="".

Name Type Default Description
interval number 5000 The amount of time to delay between automatically cycling an item. If false, carousel will not automatically cycle.
keyboard boolean true Whether the carousel should react to keyboard events.
pause string boolean "hover" If set to "hover", pauses the cycling of the carousel on mouseenter and resumes the cycling of the carousel on mouseleave. If set to false, hovering over the carousel won't pause it.

On touch-enabled devices, when set to "hover", cycling will pause on touchend (once the user finished interacting with the carousel) for two intervals, before automatically resuming. Note that this is in addition to the above mouse behavior.
slide string boolean false Autoplays the carousel after the user manually cycles the first item. If "carousel", autoplays the carousel on load.
wrap boolean true Whether the carousel should cycle continuously or have hard stops.
touch boolean true Whether the carousel should support left/right swipe interactions on touchscreen devices.

Methods

Asynchronous methods and transitions

All API methods are asynchronous and start a transition. They return to the caller as soon as the transition is started but before it ends. In addition, a method call on a transitioning component will be ignored.

See our JavaScript documentation for more information.

You can create a carousel instance with the carousel constructor, for example, to initialize with additional options and start cycling through items:

var myCarousel = document.querySelector('#myCarousel')
var carousel = new bootstrap.Carousel(myCarousel, {
  interval: 2000,
  wrap: false
})
Method Description
cycle Cycles through the carousel items from left to right.
pause Stops the carousel from cycling through items.
prev Cycles to the previous item. Returns to the caller before the previous item has been shown (e.g., before the slid.bs.carousel event occurs).
next Cycles to the next item. Returns to the caller before the next item has been shown (e.g., before the slid.bs.carousel event occurs).
nextWhenVisible Cycles the carousel to a particular frame (0 based, similar to an array). Returns to the caller before the target item has been shown (e.g., before the slid.bs.carousel event occurs).
dispose Destroys an element's carousel.
getInstance Static method which allows you to get the carousel instance associated with a DOM element.

Events

Bootstrap’s carousel class exposes two events for hooking into carousel functionality. Both events have the following additional properties:

  • direction: The direction in which the carousel is sliding (either "left" or "right").
  • relatedTarget: The DOM element that is being slid into place as the active item.
  • from: The index of the current item
  • to: The index of the next item

All carousel events are fired at the carousel itself (i.e. at the <div class="carousel">).

Event type Description
slide.bs.carousel Fires immediately when the slide instance method is invoked.
slid.bs.carousel Fired when the carousel has completed its slide transition.Copy
var myCarousel = document.getElementById('myCarousel')

myCarousel.addEventListener('slide.bs.carousel', function () {
  // do something...
})

Change transition duration

The transition duration of .carousel-item can be changed with the $carousel-transition Sass variable before compiling or custom styles if you’re using the compiled CSS. If multiple transitions are applied, make sure the transform transition is defined first (eg. transition: transform 2s ease, opacity .5s ease-out).



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