Redis+Sentinel安装与配置

半兽人 发表于: 2016-06-29   最后更新时间: 2020-10-13 23:11:25  
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Redis+Sentinel安装与配置

在这里我们搭建的是一个1主3从的redis+3个哨兵集群的环境,由于是在一台物理机上,所有我们用端口区分。

物理机IP:192.168.0.12
主节点master端口:6301
从节点slave1端口:6315
从节点slave2端口:6316
从节点slave3端口:6317
哨兵sentinel1端口:26301
哨兵sentinel2端口:26302
哨兵sentinel3端口:26303

一、下载安装

$ wget https://download.redis.io/releases/redis-3.0.0.tar.gz
$ tar xzf redis-3.0.0.tar.gz
$ cd redis-3.0.0
$ make

二、复制文件

cp redis-benchmark redis-cli redis-server redis-sentinel /usr/bin/ 
# 这个倒是很有用,这样就不用再执行时加上./了,而且可以在任何地方执行

三、设置内存分配策略(可选,根据服务器的实际情况进行设置)

/proc/sys/vm/overcommit_memory

可选值:012

  • 0, 表示内核将检查是否有足够的可用内存供应用进程使用;如果有足够的可用内存,内存申请允许;否则,内存申请失败,并把错误返回给应用进程。
  • 1, 表示内核允许分配所有的物理内存,而不管当前的内存状态如何。
  • 2, 表示内核允许分配超过所有物理内存和交换空间总和的内存

四、开启redis端口,修改防火墙配置文件

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables

加入端口配置

-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 6379 -j ACCEPT

重新加载规则

service iptables restart

五、配置redis.config文件

1、主节点master的配置文件redis_master_6301.config

# Redis configuration file example
################################## INCLUDES ###################################
# include /path/to/local.conf
# include /path/to/other.conf
################################ GENERAL  #####################################
daemonize yes
pidfile ./run/redis_slaver1_6315.pid
port 6301
tcp-backlog 511
# bind 192.168.1.100 10.0.0.1
# bind 127.0.0.1
# unixsocket /tmp/redis.sock
# unixsocketperm 700
timeout 0
tcp-keepalive 0
loglevel notice
logfile "./run/logs/log_master_6301.log"
databases 16
################################ SNAPSHOTTING  ################################
save ""
# save 900 1
# save 300 10
# save 60 10000
stop-writes-on-bgsave-error yes
rdbcompression yes
rdbchecksum no
dbfilename dump_6301.rdb
dir ./run/data
################################# REPLICATION #################################
slave-serve-stale-data yes
slave-read-only yes
repl-diskless-sync no
repl-diskless-sync-delay 5
# repl-ping-slave-period 10
# repl-timeout 60
repl-disable-tcp-nodelay no
# repl-backlog-size 1mb
# repl-backlog-ttl 3600
slave-priority 100
# min-slaves-to-write 3
# min-slaves-max-lag 10
################################## SECURITY ###################################
# rename-command CONFIG ""
################################### LIMITS ####################################
# maxclients 10000
# maxmemory <bytes>
# maxmemory-policy noeviction
# maxmemory-samples 5
############################## APPEND ONLY MODE ###############################
appendonly no
appendfilename "appendonly_6301.aof"
appendfsync no
no-appendfsync-on-rewrite no
auto-aof-rewrite-percentage 100
auto-aof-rewrite-min-size 64mb
aof-load-truncated yes
################################ LUA SCRIPTING  ###############################
lua-time-limit 5000
################################ REDIS CLUSTER  ###############################
# cluster-enabled yes
# cluster-config-file nodes-6379.conf
# cluster-node-timeout 15000
# cluster-slave-validity-factor 10
# cluster-migration-barrier 1
# cluster-require-full-coverage yes
################################## SLOW LOG ###################################
slowlog-log-slower-than 10000
slowlog-max-len 128
################################ LATENCY MONITOR ##############################
latency-monitor-threshold 0
############################# EVENT NOTIFICATION ##############################
notify-keyspace-events ""
############################### ADVANCED CONFIG ###############################
hash-max-ziplist-entries 512
hash-max-ziplist-value 64
list-max-ziplist-entries 512
list-max-ziplist-value 64
set-max-intset-entries 512
zset-max-ziplist-entries 128
zset-max-ziplist-value 64
hll-sparse-max-bytes 3000
activerehashing yes
client-output-buffer-limit normal 0 0 0
client-output-buffer-limit slave 256mb 64mb 60
client-output-buffer-limit pubsub 32mb 8mb 60
hz 10
aof-rewrite-incremental-fsync yes

2、从节点slave1的配置文件redis_slave_6315.config

# Redis configuration file example
################################## INCLUDES ###################################
# include /path/to/local.conf
# include /path/to/other.conf
################################ GENERAL  #####################################
daemonize yes
pidfile ./run/redis_slaver1_6315.pid
port 6315
tcp-backlog 511
# bind 192.168.1.100 10.0.0.1
# bind 127.0.0.1
# unixsocket /tmp/redis.sock
# unixsocketperm 700
timeout 0
tcp-keepalive 0
loglevel notice
logfile "./run/logs/log_slaver1_6315.log"
databases 16
################################ SNAPSHOTTING  ################################
save ""
# save 900 1
# save 300 10
# save 60 10000
stop-writes-on-bgsave-error yes
rdbcompression yes
rdbchecksum no
dbfilename dump_6315.rdb
dir ./run/data
################################# REPLICATION #################################
slaveof 192.168.0.12 6301
slave-serve-stale-data yes
slave-read-only yes
repl-diskless-sync no
repl-diskless-sync-delay 5
# repl-ping-slave-period 10
# repl-timeout 60
repl-disable-tcp-nodelay no
# repl-backlog-size 1mb
# repl-backlog-ttl 3600
slave-priority 80
# min-slaves-to-write 3
# min-slaves-max-lag 10
################################## SECURITY ###################################
# rename-command CONFIG ""
################################### LIMITS ####################################
# maxclients 10000
# maxmemory <bytes>
# maxmemory-policy noeviction
# maxmemory-samples 5
############################## APPEND ONLY MODE ###############################
appendonly no
appendfilename "appendonly_6315.aof"
appendfsync no
no-appendfsync-on-rewrite no
auto-aof-rewrite-percentage 100
auto-aof-rewrite-min-size 64mb
aof-load-truncated yes
################################ LUA SCRIPTING  ###############################
lua-time-limit 5000
################################ REDIS CLUSTER  ###############################
# cluster-enabled yes
# cluster-config-file nodes-6379.conf
# cluster-node-timeout 15000
# cluster-slave-validity-factor 10
# cluster-migration-barrier 1
# cluster-require-full-coverage yes
################################## SLOW LOG ###################################
slowlog-log-slower-than 10000
slowlog-max-len 128
################################ LATENCY MONITOR ##############################
latency-monitor-threshold 0
############################# EVENT NOTIFICATION ##############################
notify-keyspace-events ""
############################### ADVANCED CONFIG ###############################
hash-max-ziplist-entries 512
hash-max-ziplist-value 64
list-max-ziplist-entries 512
list-max-ziplist-value 64
set-max-intset-entries 512
zset-max-ziplist-entries 128
zset-max-ziplist-value 64
hll-sparse-max-bytes 3000
activerehashing yes
client-output-buffer-limit normal 0 0 0
client-output-buffer-limit slave 256mb 64mb 60
client-output-buffer-limit pubsub 32mb 8mb 60
hz 10
aof-rewrite-incremental-fsync yes

3、从节点slave2的配置文件redis_slave_6316.config

与上面slave1配置文件需要修改的地方

pidfile ./run/redis_slaver1_6316.pid
port 6316
logfile "./run/logs/log_slaver1_6316.log"
dbfilename dump_6316.rdb
appendfilename "appendonly_6316.aof"

4、从节点slave3的配置文件redis_slave_6317.config

与上面slave1配置文件需要修改的地方

pidfile ./run/redis_slaver1_6317.pid
port 6317
logfile "./run/logs/log_slaver1_6317.log"
dbfilename dump_6317.rdb
appendfilename "appendonly_6317.aof"

5、哨兵sentinel1的配置文件sentinel_26301.config:

# Example sentinel.conf
port 26301
# sentinel announce-ip 1.2.3.4
dir ./run/tmp
sentinel monitor master1 192.168.0.12 6301 2
# sentinel auth-pass mymaster MySUPER--secret-0123passw0rd
# sentinel down-after-milliseconds <master-name> <milliseconds>
sentinel down-after-milliseconds master1 30000
sentinel parallel-syncs master1 1
sentinel failover-timeout master1 180000
# sentinel notification-script mymaster /var/redis/notify.sh
# sentinel client-reconfig-script mymaster /var/redis/reconfig.sh
# sentinel can-failover master1 yes
logfile "/redis-3.0.0/run/logs/sentinellog_m1_26301.log"

6、哨兵sentinel2的配置文件sentinel_26302.config:

# Example sentinel.conf
port 26302
# sentinel announce-ip 1.2.3.4
dir ./run/tmp
sentinel monitor master1 192.168.0.12 6301 2
# sentinel auth-pass mymaster MySUPER--secret-0123passw0rd
# sentinel down-after-milliseconds <master-name> <milliseconds>
sentinel down-after-milliseconds master1 30000
sentinel parallel-syncs master1 1
sentinel failover-timeout master1 180000
# sentinel notification-script mymaster /var/redis/notify.sh
# sentinel client-reconfig-script mymaster /var/redis/reconfig.sh
# sentinel can-failover master1 yes
logfile "/redis-3.0.0/run/logs/sentinellog_m1_26302.log"

7、哨兵sentinel3的配置文件sentinel_26303.config:

# Example sentinel.conf
port 26303
# sentinel announce-ip 1.2.3.4
dir ./run/tmp
sentinel monitor master1 192.168.0.12 6301 2
# sentinel auth-pass mymaster MySUPER--secret-0123passw0rd
# sentinel down-after-milliseconds <master-name> <milliseconds>
sentinel down-after-milliseconds master1 30000
sentinel parallel-syncs master1 1
sentinel failover-timeout master1 180000
# sentinel notification-script mymaster /var/redis/notify.sh
# sentinel client-reconfig-script mymaster /var/redis/reconfig.sh
# sentinel can-failover master1 yes
logfile "/redis-3.0.0/run/logs/sentinellog_m1_26303.log"

六、启动redis和哨兵服务

注意:第一次要先启动redis主服务、从服务,然后才能启动哨兵服务

1、进入redis安装目录的根目录

2、启动redis主节点

[root@localhost redis-3.0.0]# redis-server redis_master_6301.config &

3、启动redis从节点

[root@localhost redis-3.0.0]# redis-server redis_slave_6315.config &
[root@localhost redis-3.0.0]# redis-server redis_slave_6316.config &
[root@localhost redis-3.0.0]# redis-server redis_slave_6317.config &

4、启动哨兵

[root@localhost redis-3.0.0]# redis-sentinel sentinel_26301.config &
[root@localhost redis-3.0.0]# redis-sentinel sentinel_26302.config &
[root@localhost redis-3.0.0]# redis-sentinel sentinel_26303.config &

到目前为止整个redis+sentinel的安装搭建环境就算完成

七、一些常用命令

进入redis的安装目录,启动redis-server:

./redis-server redis_6305.conf &

启动redis-sentinel

./redis-sentinel sentinel_6301.config
./redis-server sentinel_6316.conf --sentinel &

查看某个端口信息:

./redis-cli -p 6301 info
./redis-cli -p 6301 info Replication
./redis-cli -p 6301 info Sentinel

查看某个主机上的信息redis信息

./redis-cli -h 10.16.41.52 -p 6316 info
./redis-cli -h 10.16.41.52 -p 6316 info Replication
./redis-cli -h 10.16.41.52 -p 6316 info Sentinel

关闭本机redis服务

./redis-cli -p 6379 shutdown

关闭远程主机redis服务

./redis-cli -h 192.168.9.18 -p 6379 shutdown

客户端连接本机

./redis-cli -p 6301

客户端连接远程机

./redis-cli -h 10.16.41.53 -p 6301

切换连接

ssh app@10.16.41.52

使用命令关闭RDB持久化:在客户端执行

127.0.0.1:6316> config set save ""


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